Effectiveness of Upskilling on Improving the Attitude of Community Health Volunteers in Early Detection of Childhood Stunting


Indanah1), Muhamad Jauhar1), Fitriana Kartikasari1),

Sri Karyati1), Rasdiyanah2)

 

1)Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus

2)Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences,

Universitas Islam Negeri Alaudin Makassar

 

ABSTRACT

 

Background: Attitude is an ingrained, consistent way of thinking about an object or concept. It can be a positive or negative. Attitude may affect performance, where positive attitude may lead to better performance. Performance is the action or process of carrying out or accomplishing an action, task, or function (for example, community health volunteers’ performance in the early detection of childhood stunting). Most performance problems can be attributed to skills deficit, unclear expectations, resource or equipment shortages or a lack of motivation. This study aimed to determine the effect of up skilling on the attitude of community health volunteers in early detection of childhood stunting.

Subjects and Method: This was a randomized controlled trial (RCT) conducted at Undaan and Dawe Community Health Centers, Kudus, Central Java, from October to November 2021. A sample of 66 community health volunteers was selected for this study and divided into 2 groups: (1) Experimental group consisting of 33 community health volunteers who received up skilling; (2) Control group consisting of 33 community health volunteers who did not receive up skilling. The independent variable was up skilling. Up skilling of community health volunteers was given in four sessions over two days with a duration of 45 to 60 minutes/session. The dependent variables were attitude. Attitude were measured by pre-tested questionnaires. The mean differences of attitude after intervention between the experimental and control group was analyzed by wilcoxon test. The effect of up skilling on the attitude was analyzed by mann-whitney test.

Results: After the intervention, the average attitude score in the intervention group (Mean= 62.18; SD= 6.14) was greater than that in the control group (Mean= 59.88; SD= 3.85), and it was statistically significant difference in intervention group (p= 0.010), but not statistically significant difference in control group (p= 0.322). There was statistically significant effect of up skilling on the attitude of community health volunteer in early of childhood stunting (p= 0.048).

Conclusion: Up skilling of community health volunteers is effective in improving both the attitude and performance in the early detection of childhood stunting.

 

Keywords: attitude, childhood stunting, community health volunteers, early detection upskilling

Correspondence: Muhamad Jauhar. Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus. Jl. Ganesha No. 1 Purwosari, Kudus 59316, Central Java. Email: muhamadjauhar@umkudus.ac.id. Mobile: +6281223647360.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/ICPHpromotion.FP.08.2021.13

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