Meta-Analysis the Effect of Stigma on Anxiety in Health Workers during Covid-19 Pandemic

Annisa Fitriana Damalita


Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret




Background: Frontline healthcare workers directly involved in the treatment of COVID-19 patients have faced some physical and psychological challenges, included stigmatization. It resulting in psychological and emotional trauma on the health personnels that is being stigmatized. This study aimed to investigate the effect of stigma on anxiety in health workers during covid-19 pandemic.

Subjects and Method: A systematic review and meta-analysis was retrieved through systematic literature searches (from 2020 to 2021) in the databases of Google Scholar, Pubmed, Proquest, and Science Direct. Searches were conducted by means of databased keywords and text words indicative of “stigma” AND “anxiety” AND “healthcare workers” AND “COVID 19” AND “cross sectional”. The inclusion criteria were Indonesian or English full text, anxiety was assess by GAD-7, and reported adjusted odds ratio. The systematic review was carried out according to the PRISMA guidelines. Data analyses were performed using REVMAN 5.3.

Results: There were 5 studies which met the inclusion criteria. A meta-analysis study found that stigma increased the risk of anxiety in health personnels during COVID-19 pandemic (aOR= 2.33; 95% CI= 1.44 to 3.76; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Stigma increases the risk of anxiety in health personnels during COVID019 pandemic.


Keywords: stigma, anxiety, health personnels, covid-19, pandemic

Correspondence: Annisa Fitriana Damalita. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 51726, Central Java. Email: annisafitriana.mdf@­gmail.­com. Mobile: +6285729085880.


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