Unsafe Behavior on Dockworkers at Lewoleba Sea Port

Maria M. Ure Wukak 1), Noorce C. Berek2), Mustakim Sahdan3), Diana J. Nabuasa4)


Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana




Background: Dockworkers are the individuals responsible for loading and unloading ships in busy harbors. In addition to loading and unloading cargo, often in perilous weather conditions, dockworkers have to maintain the piers, docks and shipping terminals of the ports where they work; they’re also employed by shipyards to build and maintain ships. These activities come with their own risks, including falls from piers, injuries from construction equipment, and any of the other, sundry hazards encountered by the average factory worker or user of heavy machinery. This study aimed to investigate factors leading to unsafe behavior in stevedores at Lewoleba Sea Port.

Subject and Method: This study was conducted at Lewoleba Seaport in August-September 2019. This type of research is an analytic survey with a cross-sectional design. The population in this study was the entire dockworkers in Lewoleba Sea Port, with as many as 116 workers. A sample of 53 workers was selected using a simple random sampling method. The data were collected with questionnaires and analyzed using simple linear regression with α = 0.05.

Results: Good knowledge (b= -0.92; 95% CI= 0.53 to 2.38; p<0.001), positive attitude (b= -0.56; 95% CI= 1.44 to 2.56; p= 0.002), and good supervision reduced unsafe behavior (b= -0.86; 95% CI= 1.07 to 2.80; p< 0.001).

Conclusion: Good knowledge, positive attitude, and good supervision reduce unsafe behavior.


Keywords: knowledge, attitude, supervision, unsafe behavior

Correspondence: Noorce Christiani Berek. Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana. Jl. Adi Sucipto Penfui, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. Email: noorce.berek@staf.undana.ac.id Mobile: 081228521127.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/ICPHpromotion.FP.08.2021.22


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