Anthropometric Index of Children Who Receive Additional Feeding Biscuits

Budi Setyawati1), Noviati Fuada2), Nazarina1), Salimar1)


1)Center for Research and Development of Public Health, Indonesia

2)Magelang Health Research and Development Center




Background: After the first six months of exclusive breastfeeding, children are introduced to liquids and semi-solid food, known as the complementary feeding phase. This phase is critical because it is often accompanied by improper feeding in children, which may lead to wasting and other nutrition problems. Fortified biscuits have been provided for wasting children as a nationwide programme. However, the obedience of children to consume food supplementation remains questionable.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at 28 districts in 11 Provinces in Indonesia, during 2017. A sample of 586 children under five was selected for this study. The dependent variable was anthropometric index. The independent variable was additional feeding biscuits. Anthropometric index was categorized by underweight, wasted, and stunted. The data was collected by questionnaire and reported in percents.

Results: A third proportion of sample had underweight-wasted-stunted (34.1%), followed by underweight-stunted (27.8%), underweight-wasted (20.3%), wasted (6%), stunted (4.8%), and only 7% with normal anthropometric index. As many as 74.6% of children under five received additional feeding biscuit regularly every month for 3 months. However, only 21.5% of them who consumed it appropriately.

Conclusion: The highest anthropometric index in children under five is under­weightwasted-stunted. Consumption of additional feeding biscuits appropriately is still low.


Keywords: nutritional status, children under five, additional feeding biscuits, anthropometric index.

Correspondence: Budi Setyawati. Center for Research and Development of Public Health. Jl. Percetakan Negara 23, Jakarta Pusat, Indonesia. Email: Mobile: 081229494859.


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