Detection of Speech Delayed in Children using Iterative Dichotomiser 3 (Id3) Algorithm: Prematurity, Gender, Family History of Speech Delay, Education, and Occupation


Nita Hestiyana, Dewi Pusparani Sinambela, Nurul Hidayah

 

Universitas Sari Mulia, Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan, Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Research has high­lighted a series of persistent deficits in cognitive ability in preterm low-birth-weight children. Language and attention problems are among these deficits, although the nature of the relation between attention and language in early development is not well know. Language difficulties are prevalent in premature children and include articulation problems and expressive language delays, which can manifest themselves as poor vocabulary and grammar. Difficulties with phonological awareness are also common and predict later poor reading and writing. This study aimed to examine detection of speech delayed in children using iterative dichotomiser 3 (ID3) algorithm.

Subjects and Method: This was a retrospective study conducted at Ulin Hospital, Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan, Indonesia. A sample of 100 children, included 51 children with speech delay and 49 children with normal speech development. The study variable was speech delayed. Speech delayed was measured by iterative dichotomiser-3 algorithm.

Results: Iterative dichotomiser-3 algorithm showed that prematurity was the main cause of speech delayed in children. Prematurity was affected by occupied mothers, male children, parental education, and family history of speech delay.

Conclusion: Prematurity is the main cause of speech delayed in children.

Keywords: speech delayed, children, iterative dichotomiser-3 algorithm

Correspondence: Nita Hestiyana. Universitas Sari Mulia. Jl. Pramuka 2 Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan, 70249, Indonesia. Email: nitahestiyana@gmail.com. Mobile: 085252759792.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/ICPHmaternal.FP.08.2021.16

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