Factors Associated with Preventive Efforts of Stunting in Children Aged 2-3 Years in Kediri, East Java

Rofik Darmayanti, Betristasia Puspitasari


Dharma Husada Academy of Midwifery Kediri, East Java, Indonesia



Background: Short toddlers or stunting was a condition where a person has a shorter height compared to the height of people of the same age in general. Factors that may cause stunting include poor parenting practice, lack of maternal knowledge about health and nutrition, mother giving birth, limited health services. This study aimed to analyze the effect of maternal behavior during pregnancy, education level, and socioeconomic status on stunting prevention effort.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study design. The research was conducted in the village of Bangkok, Gurah District, Kediri Regency, East Java. The study population were 72 mothers who had toddlers aged 2-3 years. The dependent variable was stunting. The independent included maternal behavior, education, and family income. The data were collected by questionnaires, then analyzed using logistic regression analysis model.

Results: Prevention of stunting in children increased with good maternal behavior (OR= 2.55; 95% CI= 1.20 to 3.89; p< 0.001) and high maternal education (OR= 1.25; 95% CI= 0.27 to 2.22; p= 0.012). The relationship between prevention of stunting and family income was statistically non-significant (OR= -0.44; 95% CI= -1.90 to 1.02; p= 0.551).

Conclusion: Prevention of stunting in children increases with good maternal behavior and high maternal education.

Keywords: behavior during pregnancy, level of education, socioeconomic status, stunting prevention

Correspondence: Rofik Darmayanti. Dharma Husada Academy of Midwifery Kediri. Jln. Penanggungan 41A Kediri, East Java. Email: rofik.darmayanti@gmail.com. Mobile: 08121629­3767.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/ICPHmaternal.FP.08.2021.22

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