Total Bacteria and Acidity Level of Expressed Breast Milk in COVID-19 Surviving Mothers


Yunita Rusidah1), Islami2), Shinta Dwi Kurnia1)

 

1)Medical Laboratory Technology, Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus

2)Study Program of Midwifery, Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Breast milk is the best food for babies. Breast milk contains all the nutrients needed for optimal growth and development. However, breast milk is prone to bacterial growth because the high content of carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, proteins, and fats which is suitable for bacterial growth. This study aimed to examine total number of bacteria and acidity level of expressed breast milk in COVID-19 surviving mothers.

Subjects and Method: This was a descriptive study conducted at Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus, Central Java in June 2021. A total of 5 breastfeeding COVID-19 surviving mothers was selected for this study. The study variables were the total number of bacteria and acidity level. The data were analyzed descriptively.

Results: Bacteria were present in the expressed breast milk after 2×24 hour incubation. In the first dilution (10:1), the number of bacterial colonies = 124-367. In the second dilution (10:2), the number of bacterial colonies = 4-150. In the third dilution (10:3), the number of bacterial colonies= 0-103. The higher dilution of expressed breast milk, the smaller number of bacteria. The number of bacteria colonies in the expressed breast milk of COVID-19 surviving mothers was acceptable according to the standard. Likewise, the acidity of expressed breast milk varied according to storage time. On day 0, the average pH ranged from pH 6.8 to 7.3. On day 2, the average pH ranged from pH 6.6 to 7.0. The acidity level of the expressed breast milk among COVID-19 surviving mothers was acceptable according to the standard.

Conclusion: The number of bacteria colonies in the expressed breast milk of COVID-19 surviving mothers is acceptable according to the standard. The acidity level of the expressed breast milk among COVID-19 surviving mothers is acceptable according to the standard.

Keywords: expressed breast milk, bacteria, acidity, COVID-19 surviving mothers

Correspondence: Yunita Rusidah. Medical Laboratory Technology, Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus. Jl. Ganesha Raya 1, Purwosari, Kudus, Central Java. Email: yunitarusidah@umkudus.ac.id.  Mobile: +62 85727568004.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/ICPHmaternal.FP.08.2021.21

Share this :

View PDF