Factors Related to the Speed of the Uterus Involution in Post Partum Mothers

Noor Cholifah, Heni Siswanti


Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus



Background: Favorable uterine involution and ovarium activity are very important for the next reproductive cycle of postpartum women. Involution is how the uterus is transformed from a pregnant to a non-pregnant state. This period is characterized by restoring ovarium function to prepare the body for a new pregnancy. This study aimed to determine factors associated with the speed of uterus involution.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at Sultan Hadlirin Hospital Jepara, Central Java, in April 2021. A sample of 78 postpartum women was selected for this study. The dependent variable was the speed of uterus involution. The independent variables were age, nutrition status, early mobilization, and early breast­feeding initiation. The data were analyzed using OR and chi-square.

Results: The speed of uterine involution increased with early mobilization (OR= 5.25; p= 0.004) and good nutrition status (OR= 4.27; p= 0.021). The associations between age (OR= 5.25; p= 0.410) and early initiation of breastfeeding (OR= 1.25; p= 0.740) with the speed of uterine involution were statistically non-significant.

Conclusion: The speed of uterine involution increases with early mobilization and good nutrition status. The associations between age and early breastfeeding initiation with the rate of uterine involution are statistically non-significant.

Keywords: uterus involution, age, early mobilization, early initiation of breastfeeding, postpartum women

Correspondence: Noor Cholifah. Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus. Jl. Ganes­ha Raya No. 1, Purwosari, Kudus 59316, Central Java. Email: noorcho­lifa­­h­@umkudus.ac.id.  Mobile: +6281­12­884404.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/ICPHmaternal.FP.08.2021.25

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