Frequency Distribution of Basalioma Skin Cancer at Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta, Central Java


Prasetyadi Mawardi, Irfany Arafisetyanto Prihadi, Muhammad Eko Irawanto

 

Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret/Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta, Central java

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Basalioma is a nonmelanoma skin cancer that grows from the basal epidermal cells. It commonly occurs in the head and neck area exposed to ultraviolet light (UV). Data in Dr. Moewardi hospital 2013-2015 showed that basalioma was the most common type of skin cancer. This study aimed to describe the basalioma skin cancer in Dr. Moewardi hospital, Surakarta.

Subjects and Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta, Central Java, from 2016 to 2019. A sample of 70 patients diagnosed with basalioma skin cancer was selected for this study. The study variables were gender, age, occupation, tumor location, tumor size, and clinical tumor type. The data were collected from the medical record. The data were described in percent.

Results: As many as 64.3% of basalioma patients were female, 30% were farmers, 90.02% aged ≥50 years, 72% had tumors located in the midface region, 70% had a tumor in the H-zone, 72.8% had tumor size <2 cm, and 58.5% had a nodular tumor.

Conclusion: The frequency distribution of basalioma in Dr. Moewardi Hospital has been described by gender, age, tumor location, tumor size, and histopathological type.

Keywords: age, gender, midface, nodular, basalioma

Correspondence: Prasetyadi Mawardi. Department of Dermatology dan Venereology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret /RSUD Dr. Moewardi Surakarta. Jl. Ir. Sutami No.36, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: prasetyadi_m@staff.uns.ac.id. Mobile: +6281229750211.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/ICPHmedicine.FP.08.2021.08

 

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