Effectiveness of Physical Activity on Static Balance in Diabetes Mellitus Patients


Nurul Qomariah1)
1)MastersProgram in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
~ Author
Siti Nadhir Ollin Norlinta2)
2)Universitas \u2018Aiysyah Yogyakarta
~ Author


Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is a cause of multiple complications, including retinopathy and peripheral neuropathy. These complications are well under�stood and believed to contribute to gait instability. Static balance is the ability to main�tain postural stability and orientation with center of mass over the base of support and body at rest. Regular exercise and physical activity (PA) strengthen the muscles and improve balance and coordination, leading to fewer falls. This study aimed to examine the effect of physical activity on static balance in diabetes mellitus patients.

Subjects and Method: A quasy intervention with no control group. A sample of 31 type 2 diabetes mellitus was selected for this study. The dependent variable was static balance. The independent variable was physical activity. Static balance was measured by Berg balance scale. Mean of static balance before and after intervention was assessed using independent t-test.

Results: Mean of static balance after physical activity (Mean= 39.90; SD= 9.05) was higher than before (Mean= 35.16; SD= 8.46), and it was statistically significant p<0.001.

Conclusion: Physical activity is effective to improve static balance in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.

How to Cite

Effectiveness of Physical Activity on Static Balance in Diabetes Mellitus Patients. (2022). The International Conference on Public Health Proceeding, 7(01), 62. https://doi.org/10.26911/AB.ICPH.09.2022.62