Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is one of the priority infectious diseases because it is a major public health problem in Indonesia. The spread of the HIV virus has penetrated into vulnerable sub-populations such as women and children. East Java in 2019 is the third province with the number of AIDS cases (958 people). This study aimed to determine the factors affecting of preventing mother-to-child transmission among pregnant women.
Subjects and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Rejoso Community Health Center, Nganjuk, East Java, from May to July 2022. A total of 108 pregnant women were selected for this study. The dependent variable was mother-to-child-transmission. The independent variables were husband support, health workers support, and access for health services. The data were collected using questionnaire and analyzed by chi-square with odds ratio (OR).
Results: Lack of husband support (OR= 3.26; 95% CI= 0.78 to 5.43; p= 0.001), lack of health worker support (OR= 9.94; 95% CI= 4.85 to 13.72; p= 0.030), and poor access of health services (OR= 5.13; 5% CI= 1.92 to 9.6; p<0.001) were associated with mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
Conclusion: Lack of husband support, lack of health worker support, and poor access for health services are associated with mother-to-child transmission of HIV.