Application of Theory of Planned Behavior in COVID\u201319 Vaccine Utilization


Gadis Nur Anggrani1)
1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
~ Author
Hanung Prasetya2)
2)Study Program of Accupuncture, Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Surakarta
~ Author
Bhisma Murti1)
1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
~ Author


Background: Despite the progress in the public health distribution of the COVID-19 vaccinations, there are individuals who will perceive vaccination as unsafe and/or unnecessary. Vaccine hesitancy is defined as the delay in acceptance or refusal of a vaccine despite their availability to the public. Several psychological factors are demonstrated to influence COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy, including perception, beliefs, mistrust of authority, and attitude of peer or family member towards COVID-19 vaccines. The purpose of this study was to investigate application of theory of planned behavior in covid \u2013 19 vaccine utilization.

Subjects and Method: This was a quatitative study carried out in Palu, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. The study informants were Head of the Health Service Sur�veil�lance, health promotion officer, COVID-19 vaccination staff, 7 people never vaccinated of COVID-19 vaccine, 4 people received second dose of COVID-19 vaccine, 4 people received third dose of COVID-19 vaccine, and their family member. Informants were selected by snowball sampling. Data were obtained using in-depth interview. All inter�views were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, deidentified, and participants were assigned pseudonyms. Triangulation was employed for qualitative analysis. Further�more, member checking was conducted to increase trustworthiness where participants were invited to provide feedback on the main findings.

Results: This study indicated that lower knowledge impact attitude toward the COVID-19 vaccine. People are more triggered by negative news about COVID-19 vacci�na�tion than by positive news. Subjective norm has also been identified as a reinforcing factor of perception and attitude toward COVID-19 vaccination. Several informants did not vaccinate themselves with the COVID-19 vaccine because prohibited by their family members.

Conclusion: Theory Planned Behavior construct can predict COVID \u2013 19 vaccine utilization in the community.

How to Cite

Application of Theory of Planned Behavior in COVID\u201319 Vaccine Utilization. (2022). The International Conference on Public Health Proceeding, 7(01), 19.