Background: Epidemiological evidence suggests that higher levels of leisure time physical activity are associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Another evidence from several studies also indicates that obesity and weight gain are associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this study was to analyze correlations between physical activity, body mass index, and blood glucose level in outpatients with type ii DM.
Subjects and Method: An analytic observational study with a cross sectional design was carried out at Purwokerto Selatan community health center, Banyumas, Central Java. A sample of 35 outpatients with type 2 DM was selected by total sampling. The dependent variable was blood glucose level. The independent variables were body mass index, blood pressure, and physical activity. Correlations between body mass index, physical activity, blood pressure, and blood glucose level were assessed using Spearman.
Results: High physical activity reduce blood glucose level in type II DM patients (r= -0.71; p< 0.001). Excessive body mass index increased blood glucose level in type II DM patients (r= 0.62; p< 0.001). High blood pressure increased blood glucose level in type II DM patients, but it was statistically non-significant (r= 0.26; p= 0.128).
Conclusion: There are correlations between physical activity, body mass index, and blood glucose level in type II DM patients. There is no correlation between blood pressure and blood glucose level in type II Diabetes Mellitus.