Background: The incidence of Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) continues to increase every year. Despite advances in treatment, CHF is a leading cause of hospital readmis�sions. Nonadherence to treatment plans, lack of education, and lack of access to care contribute to poorer outcomes. Several studies have reported patient education from nurses and discharge planning program as strategies to reduce readmission rates. This study aimed to identify literature related to nurse education and discharge planning to support reducing readmission rates in hospitals.
Subjects and Method: This was an integrative approach based on Whittemore and Knaf's use to conduct the review. The articles used were published from 2012 to 2020 using the ProQuest, PubMed, and Science Direct databases.
Results: The search yielded 15 articles that met the inclusion criteria. Discharge plan�ning in the hospital is related to the readmission rate in 30 days. The patient education program provided by nurses was able to reduce the 30-day readmission rate. Inter�ven�tion to reduce readmission rates by developing patient education programs is effective in increasing knowledge and self-care of patients with heart failure and improv��ing the quality of discharge planning in hospitals.
Conclusion: The patient education program provided by nurses was able to improve knowledge and self-care, improve the quality of discharge, and eventually reduce the 30-day readmission rate.