Background: Child development issues are of concern to the global community, and are often found in developing countries due to stunting or extreme poverty. Behavior change health promotion interventions are believed to increase the acceleration of early childhood development. This study aimed to review research on various intervention strategies in efforts to develop children and accelerate early childhood development.
Subjects and Methods: The scope of this review of studies explores the available literature using the PubMed, Science Direct, ProQuest, and Clinical Key electronic databases. Include randomized controlled trials that examine child development health promotion interventions on early childhood development. Selecting articles online published between 01 July 2012 to 31 July 2022, identified 1,924 articles, and 11 of them met the inclusion criteria. Data were analyzed narratively.
Results: Interventions to accelerate child development are carried out through health promotion and behavior change provided at the family level and in schools that provide care for early childhood (0-72 months). The intervention strategies used include health education, providing play equipment, providing incentives, involving the role of the family (husband) and the environment (peers, cadres, PAUD teachers, and health workers). Interventions are carried out within a period of 6-12 months with home visits, group meetings, and visits to clinics, integrated health center, and schools. The results of the intervention revealed that there were 3 studies that had little effect on changes in behavior stimulating development, but all studies succeeded in increasing the acceleration of early child development.
Conclusion: Intervention strategies that integrate efforts to increase knowledge, skills, availability of social support and facilities can be used effectively in improving child development behavior and accelerating early child development.