Background: The maternal mortality rate is an indicator that reflects the health status of mother, especially the risk of death for the mother during pregnancy and childbirth. Maternal mortality in Indonesia is still dominated by the three main causes of death, such as hemorrhage, hypertension in pregnancy, and infection. This study was aimed to analyze the factors that influence maternal mortality in Indonesia.
Subjects and Method: This was an analytical study with a retrospective cohort study design conducted in 34 provinces in Indonesia, 2020. A sample of 4.627 study subjects was selected by total sampling. The dependent variable was maternal mortality. The independent variables were hemorrhage, hypertension in pregnancy, and infection. The data were collected by secondary data and analyzed using multiple linear regression.
Results: Maternal mortality was affected by hemorrhage (b= 0.47; 95% CI= -0.05 to 0.10; p = 0.073), but it was not significantly statistics. Hypertension in pregnancy (b= 2.66; 95% CI = 2.17 to 3.16; p<0.001), and infection (b= 3.55; 95% CI = 1.73 to 5.37; p <0.001), it was significantly statistics.
Conclusion: The number of maternal mortalities in 34 provinces was affected by hemorrhage, hypertension in pregnancy, and infection.