Background: Hormonal changes in pregnant women are a process of preparation for the birth of a baby, pregnant women are very sensitive to infections from various microorganisms. Urinary tract infection is the most common bacterial infection in pregnancy, increasing the risk of maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. A white blood cell count of more than 15,000/mm3 is an indication of infection in pregnant women. It is caused by viral, bacterial, and protozoan infections. Infections in pregnant women must be detected early, in order to prevent premature delivery. One of the tests that can be done is by counting the number of erythrocytes and leukocytes. This study was conducted to identify the overview of erythrocyte and leukocyte results in pregnant women.
Subjects and Method: This was a descriptive study conducted at Surabaya Hospital, Surabaya, East Java. A sample of 60 pregnant women were selected for this study. The data were collected from the medical record of pregnant women patients at Surabaya Hospital from January to June 2022. The data were described in percentage.
Results: Urine leukocytes appeared to be negative in 28 (47%) women, 1 positive in 20 (33%) women, 2 positives in 9 (15%) women, and 3 positives in 3(5%) women.
Conclusion: 47% of pregnant women have negative results, and 53% have positive results. Pregnant women to know more about the risk factors that may occur in pregnancy, it is hoped that pregnant women can carry out a complete urinalysis screening early on and carry out routine health monitoring during pregnancy.