Effectiveness of Neck Calliet Exercise and Muscle Energy Technique in Non-Specific Neck Pain


Authors

Citra Ayu Milenia Noor Adi Putri
Study Program of Physiotherapy, School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Surakarta
~ Author
Mei Kusumanigtyas
Study Program of Physiotherapy, School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Surakarta
~ Author
Yulianto Wahyono
Study Program of Physiotherapy, School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Surakarta
~ Author

Abstract

Background: Non-specific neck pain (NNP) affects 30-50% of the general population, and it often leads to severe disability. Neck calliet also known as isometric neck exercise is an exercise people can do at home when they have neck pain related pathology such as slip disc at cervical region, cervical spondylosis. Physiotherapist are often prescribed people this exercise when they have acute pain. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness neck calliet exercise and muscle energy technique in non-specific neck pain.��

Subjects and Method: This was a randomized controlled trial conducted in Setda Kudus District Office and Badean 1 primary school, in Bondowoso, East Java. A sample of 38 employees with non-specific pain were selected for this study. This sample was randomized into two groups: neck calliet exercise (n=19) group and muscle energy technique (n=19) group. The dependent variable was non-specific neck pain. The independent variables were neck calliet exercise or muscle energy technique. QVAS was used to measure pain. Mean differences between the two groups both before and after intervention were tested by independent t test.

Results: Before intervention the mean QVAS score difference between the neck calliet exercise group (Mean= 50.88; SD= 7.27; p< 0.001) and the muscle energy technique group (Mean= 52.98; SD= 5.86; p< 0.001) were statistically non-significant (p= 0.334). The comparability of pain scores between the two groups before the intervention indicates the success of randomization. After intervention the mean QVAS score in the neck calliet exercise group (Mean= 36.67; SD= 5.44; p< 0.001) was lower than that in the muscle energy technique group (Mean= 40.70; SD= 4.78; p< 0.001), and it was statistically significant (p= 0.020).

Conclusion: Neck cailliet exercise is more effective than muscle energy technique in reducing non-specific neck pain.

How to Cite

Effectiveness of Neck Calliet Exercise and Muscle Energy Technique in Non-Specific Neck Pain. (2022). The International Conference on Public Health Proceeding, 7(01), 422-429. https://doi.org/10.26911/FP.ICPH.09.2022.28